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Cryonic Treatment

NeuroCryoStimulation (NCS), a drug-free, non-invasive treatment for pain, inflammation, and musculoskeletal trauma, for both the acute and chronic phases. It is used for helping with a faster recovery from sports and orthopedic injuries, such as it has been used in Europe, Australia, UK, and USA, for the last 15 years. Its patented use has been approved for use in Canada.

All equipment used in NeuroCryoStimulation is patented, and only the Cryonic Medical device can induce a ‘thermal shock’ effect for accelerated tissue cooling and healing.

The unique characteristic of Neurocryostimulation is the thermal shock factor.  Only the Cryonic medical device can trigger Thermal Shock in the organism.  There are other devices using gas and other elements such as cold water, air, ice, and chemical gels to produce cold for human and animal treatment, but they are not capable of creating the conditions to induce Thermal Shock.

 

Thermal shock

 

Why use thermal shock?

This sonic stage creates a reaction on the skin combining extremely low temperature (-78°C), to a cooling effect generated by the pressure of the gas (50 bars at 15°C) and a shock wave of 400 Hz when the micro crystals are expelled in sonic stage in the ejection cone created by the stream.

The scouring power from the micro crystals (25 KJ/mole of carbon dioxide), in association with the quickly dropping temperature and the 400HZ vibration created by the sonic stream, gives way for a very intense reaction.

We have dubbed this reaction: THERMAL SHOCK.

In order to set off a central neurological response the thermal shock must be attained in a few seconds time. Only when these conditions are put together can we achieve a state of thermal shock.


Encrypted signal to the hypothalamus

Let us be reminded that the neuro receptors enclosed in 5 mm of skin are responsible for the entire organism’s reaction to climatic changes. These receptors will be set off by the aggression and will also react to the powerful spray on the skin. Their purpose is to transmit an alert message to the hypothalamus which in turn, after having decrypted the message will forward the information to the somatosensory area of the Cortex.

The Cortex’s response will be to set off a remote neuro vegetative reflex whose main purpose will be to regulate both by mechanic and enzymatic way the local homeostasis.

Organization of the central nervous system.

Nervous System

Illustrating the difference with traditional cryotherapy

 

What constitutes the main difference from traditional cryotherapy?
Current scientific research has demonstrated the mechanism triggering the reactions to different source of cold:

- ICE : Works with conduction that creates an energy transfer from the ice pack to the skin.

- AEROTHERAPY : Uses air compressors that generate a pressure of less than 1 bar at the nozzle. This pressure is called subsonic. There are no micro crystals when the stream comes out of the ejection nozzle and this technique
uses convection (cooling effect by blowing cold air).

NEUROCRYOSTIMULATION is a technique that applies a stream whose ejection pressure is greater than 1 bar. This technique is called sonic. The stream expels the gas in the form of micro crystals of carbon dioxide snow at -78°C in a solid form. The pressure is at a minimum of 50 bars when it comes out the nozzle and undergoes a loss in charge, down to 2.2 bars on contact with the skin. This technique acts using both convection and sublimations.

 

Physiological Effects

 

What are the physiological effects on the organism ?

There are four main benefits:

  • Analgesic
  • Vasomotor
  • Anti-inflammatory
  • Muscle relaxant

The analgesic properties help relieve the pain instantly:
Under the influence of the cold temperature the information conduction to the Cortex slows down hereby reducing the pain immediately. The peripheral pain treatment will be efficient for at least three hours. In many cases the pain will disappear entirely. If the pain comes back than it most likely is not just peripheral pain but pain emanating from inflammation, mechanical dysfunction or from infection.

Vasomotor
This circulatory response due to the activation of the vasomotor reflex is crucial, notably in the deep vasodilatation which will be strongly accelerated.

Here its action is two fold:

  • Helps regulate the blood flow.
  • Helps regulate the lymphatic fluid flow.

Anti-inflammatory
This is a major effect whose actions can be felt in two ways:

  • In regulating the blood flow which helps limit the enzymatic production.
  • In limiting the synthesis of some metallo proteas.

The vascular phase
Inflammation is a natural phenomenon that occurs when the organism is faced with aggressions. Our goal here is to monitor this phenomenon but not to interfere with it. Vascular dilation under the influence of the liberation of the enzymatic inflammatory soup will bring forth the arrival of lymphocytes followed by the macrophages allowing the organism to get organized around the inflammation originating from trauma, infection, a mechanical or chemical source. Usually at this stage the patient will experience redness, the skin will be warm to the touch in the injured region, pain (inflammatory pain is caused by the compression of the nervous roots due to edema taking hold and to the prostaglandins that factors into the excitability of the nerve fibers) .

However, there is a probability that the inflammation may become exuberant and gets out of hand to transform into a full blown inflammatory reaction. In such cases, Neurocryostimulation, by way of the vasomotor reflex, will help regulate the blood flow and as a result will help decrease the enzymatic production significantly. The pain will be reduced as the oedema will be lessened.

The inflammatory reaction stage
When inflammation turns into an inflammatory reaction, we can observe that the symptoms are taking a turn for the worst, pain, skin warm to the touch, redness, under the influence of 3 enzymes from the metallo proteas family (collagenases, elastase, hyaluronidase). These three enzymes factor in, in the intensity of the inflammatory reaction and in the cellular permeability. Their production can lead to tissue destruction in cases where the inflammation is chronic.  These enzymes are thermosensitive which means that when they are submitted to powerful cold, they can not synthesize. In cases like these, Neurocryostimulation can be a good alternative to drugs for treating superficial inflammation.

Myorelaxant
The evolution of the knowledge gathered on physiological reactions brought forth by cryotherapy using extremely low temperature on the muscular fibre leads us to reconsider our therapeutic habits. Undeniably, we have noted that the muscle fibre relaxes significantly under the influence of low temperature. We are yet unable to fully explain the complex physiological mechanism of muscle fibre relaxation. It will always require the application of a specific protocol.

 

Indications

 

Applications are numerous due to the physiological effects entailed:

Traumatology, sports medecine:

  • Pain.
  • Edema.
  • Hematoma.

Rheumatology:

  • Chronic inflammatory rheumatology.
  • Abarticular rheumatology (tendinitis, bursitis, tenosinovitis, periostitis, …).
  • Degenerative rheumatology (pain relief).
  • Hemophilia (treatment for the hematoma).

Post surgery care:

  • After undergoing microsurgery.
  • After orthopedic surgery.
  • After maxillo-facial and plastic surgery.
  • After cancer surgery (helps soften the appearance of scars).
  • After vascular surgery.

Physical re-education and osteopathy:

  • Muscle contraction.
  • Inflammatory reaction.

Neurology:

  • Following surgery to a disc hernia.
  • Acute sciatic (pain suppressant).
  • Spasticity

Not recommended for treating:

  • Allergies to low temperature.
  • Cryoglobulinemia.
  • Cutaneous sensitivity problems.
  • Raynaud’s syndrome
 
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